Copy-editing is the process that ensures the author clearly conveys their message to the reader.
As well as checking for punctuation, spelling and grammar, a copy-editor looks at structure, consistency, flow, logic, context, and any contradictions or repetitions.
A copy-editor also looks for writing issues such as non-standard or colloquial language, the influence of the author’s native language, and time and geographical validity.
Proofreading is the final stage of the writing process after all changes and rewriting are complete.
A proofreader ensures that any indexes, headings, illustrations, captions, figures and references correspond to the content.
A proofreader also corrects spelling mistakes, typos, grammar and punctuation, as well as checking for consistency of format, spelling, fonts, dates and numbering.
Proof-editing is a relatively new term introduced to describe the increasing requirement for a combined service of proofreading and copy-editing.
Duckman Proofreading offers clients a fully comprehensive proof-editing service to combine all aspects of proofreading and copy-editing.
Outside the publishing industry, this may be referred to as content editing and is the service that most of our clients actually require, making proof-editing our most popular service.